34,330 Results
open access book icon
Adaptive Hot Cognition: How Emotion Drives Information Processing and Cognition Steers Affective Processing
Author: Mariska E. Kret
Publisher: Frontiers Media SA
Source: Directory of Open Access Books
Type: Open Access Book
License: Attribution
Description:
Cover Image
Influential theories have argued that affective processing is fundamentally different from cognitive processing. Others have suggested that theoretical boundaries between affective and cognitive processing are artificial and inherently problematic. Over recent years, different positions on these issues have fueled many empirical studies investigating the mechanisms underlying cognitive and affective processing. Where and on what basis should we draw the line between cognition and emotion? Are there fundamental distinctions to be made between the way emotion influences cognition and cognition influences emotion? How does the reciprocal interaction between emotion and cognition lead to adaptive behavior? This Research Topic explores the nature of the reciprocal interaction between emotion and cognition from a functional perspective.
email iconphone icon

open access book icon
Adaptive Reuse
Author: Freschi, Elisa
Publisher: Harrassowitz Verlag
Source: Directory of Open Access Books
Type: Open Access Book
License: Attribution
Description:
Cover Image
The present volume explores a specific aspect of creativity in South Asian systems of knowledge, literature and rituals. Under the heading of “adaptive reuse,” it discusses the relationship between innovation and perpetuation of earlier forms and contents of knowledge and aesthetic expressions within the process of creating new works. Although this relation rarely became the topic of explicit reflections in the South Asian intellectual traditions, it is here investigated by taking a closer look at the treatment of older materials by later authors.
email iconphone icon

open access book icon
Adat and Indigeneity in Indonesia - Culture and Entitlements between Heteronomy and Self-Ascription
Publisher: Universitätsverlag Göttingen
Source: Directory of Open Access Books
Type: Open Access Book
Description:
Cover Image
A number of UN conventions and declarations (on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples, the Protection and Promotion of the Diversity of Cultural Expressions and the World Heritage Conventions) can be understood as instruments of international governance to promote democracy and social justice worldwide. In Indonesia (as in many other countries), these international agreements have encouraged the self-assertion of communities that had been oppressed and deprived of their land, especially during the New Order regime (1966-1998). More than 2,000 communities in Indonesia who define themselves as masyarakat adat or “indigenous peoples” had already joined the Indigenous Peoples’ Alliance of the Archipelago” (AMAN) by 2013. In their efforts to gain recognition and selfdetermination, these communities are supported by international donors and international as well as national NGOs by means of development programmes. In the definition of masyarakat adat, “culture” or adat plays an important role in the communities’ self-definition. Based on particular characteristics of their adat, the asset of their culture, they try to distinguish themselves from others in order to substantiate their claims for the restitution of their traditional rights and property (namely land and other natural resources) from the state. The authors of this volume investigate how differently structured communities - socially, politically and religiously - and associations reposition themselves vis-à-vis others, especially the state, not only by drawing on adat for achieving particular goals, but also dignity and a better future.
email iconphone icon

open access book icon
Adat Atjèh
Author: Voorhoeve, P.
Publisher: Brill
Source: Directory of Open Access Books
Type: Open Access Book
Description:
Cover Image
Indonesia
email iconphone icon

open access book icon
L'adattamento delle città ai cambiamenti climatici
Author: Carlo Gerundo
Publisher: FedOA - Federico II University Press
Source: Directory of Open Access Books
Type: Open Access Book
License: Attribution
Description:
Cover Image
Cities and all the activities carried out in an urban environment significantly influence climate change causes but, at the same time, they are greatly affected by them. For these reasons, urban areas not only represent one of the problems, but also the main field of application of intervention strategies to be developed in order to mitigate the negative effects of climate change. Among the strategies to contrast climate change, the adaptation to its environmental effects has been pushed right into the background in scientific debate, mainly due to the difficulty experienced in transferring urban climatology into methods that can be easily implemented by planners to draw up land use plan. This volume is an attempt to strengthen the cultural background of urban planner, establishing solid connections with urban climatology, in order to build a new language, able to consider the relationships between urban morphology and climate change adaptation strategies to be implemented.
email iconphone icon

open access book icon
The ADB’s Story
Author: Nolan, Melanie
Publisher: ANU Press
Source: Directory of Open Access Books
Type: Open Access Book
License: ANU Press
Description:
Cover Image
‘The Australian Dictionary of Biography captures the life and times and culture of this country in an absolutely distinctive and irreplaceable way. It is the indispensable record of who we are, and of the characters who have made us what we are. I could not be prouder of ANU’s continuing role as custodian of this crucial part of our national legacy.’ Professor the Hon. Gareth Evans AC QC, Chancellor, The Australian National University ‘A mature nation needs a literary pantheon of inspiring and instructive life histories, a gallery of all the possibilities of being Australian. The Australian Dictionary of Biography responds to that vital need in our culture. It is a stunning collaborative achievement and I feel so proud that we have such an activity here in Australia—to a great extent it describes and defines Australia.’ Professor Fiona Stanley AC, Australian of the Year, 2003 ‘The Australian Dictionary of Biography is our greatest collective research project in the humanities and a national triumph. We have much to learn from it. The project is continuing to change as we mature nationally, with deeper understanding about the impacts of gender, race, environment, religion, education, language, culture, politics, region and war on what we are and what we may become.’ The Hon. Dr Barry Jones AO ‘Australia is very fortunate to have a national biographical dictionary that is democratic as well as distinguished, one that represents the rich variety of Australian culture. The Australian Dictionary of Biography gathers together the stories of people from all walks of life, from the outback to the city and from the bush to the parliament. It is a monument of scholarship—and it is for everyone.’ Dr Dawn Casey PSM ‘Few things are more illuminating than taking a random stroll through a volume of the Australian Dictionary of Biography—new insights into our greatest men and women, chance encounters with people whose exploits are all too often unpardonably overlooked. I first read the ADB with my mother, Coral Lansbury, who wrote four entries. One of her mentors, Bede Nairn, was a prodigious contributor. The Australian story is a story of Australians, no better told than in the ADB.’ The Hon. Malcolm Turnbull MP ‘I find it difficult to bring to mind more than a handful of comparable enterprises in the fields of biography, history, philology or the social sciences more broadly—anywhere in the world. The status and appeal of the Australian Dictionary of Biography do not lie only in its scale and size. They reside also in the meticulous research, the erudition and scholarship, and the sweat and possibly tears involved in the editorial and publishing process. Its constituent dramatis personae are an eclectic mix of the noble and the notorious, the famous and the largely unsung. The underlying theme of the mosaic is quite clear: nothing less than the making and remaking of Australia.’ Her Excellency Ms Penelope Wensley AC, Governor of Queensland
email iconphone icon

open access book icon
Additive Manufacturing Technologies and Applications
Author: Salvatore Brischetto (Ed.)
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Source: Directory of Open Access Books
Type: Open Access Book
Description:
Cover Image
The present Special Issue proposes articles in the area of Additive Manufacturing with particular attention to the different employed technologies and the several possible applications. The main investigated technologies are the Selective Laser Sintering (SLS) and the Fused Deposition Modelling (FDM). These methodologies, combined with the Computer Aided Design (CAD), provide important advantages. Numerical, analytical and experimental knowledge and models are proposed to exploit the potential advantages given by 3D printing for the production of modern systems and structures in aerospace, mechanical, civil and biomedical engineering fields. The 11 selected papers propose different additive manufacturing methodologies and related applications and studies.
email iconphone icon

open access book icon
Addressing Tipping Points for a Precarious Future
Author: O'Riordan, Timothy
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Source: Directory of Open Access Books
Type: Open Access Book
Description:
Cover Image
This book places tipping points in their scientific, economic, governmental, creative, and spiritual contexts. It seeks to offer a comprehensive set of interpretations on the meaning and application of tipping points. Its contribution focuses on the various characterisations and metaphors of tipping points, on the scope for anticipating their onset, the capacity for societal resilience in the face of their impending arrival, and for better ways of communicating and preparing societies, economies, and governments for accommodating them, and hence to turn them into responses which buffer and better human well-being. Above all, the possibility of preparing society for creative and benign ‘tips’ is a unifying theme. The conclusion is sombre but not without hope. Thresholds of profound change can combine earth system-based relatively abrupt shifts with human-caused alterations of these disturbed patterns which, coupled together, produce more rapid onsets and greater tensions and stresses for governments and economies, as well as socially unequal societies. There is still time to predict and address these thresholds but too much delay will make the task of accommodation very difficult to achieve with relevant-scale community support. There are many examples of adaptive resilience throughout the world. These should be identified, supported, and emulated according to cultural acceptance and emerging economic realities. But there is no guarantee that the necessary adjustments can be made in time, as emerging patterns of outlook and governance do not appear to be conducive to manage the very awkward transitions of appropriate response.
email iconphone icon

open access book icon
Adelaide: a literary city
Author: Butterss, Philip
Publisher: University of Adelaide Press
Source: Directory of Open Access Books
Type: Open Access Book
Description:
Cover Image
From the tentative beginnings of European settlement to today’s flourishing writing scene, Adelaide has always been a literary city. Novelists, poets and playwrights have lived here; readers have pored over books, sharing them and discussing them; literary celebrities have visited and sometimes stayed; writers have encouraged each other and fought with each other. Adelaide is literary, too, in the sense of having been written about—sometimes with love, sometimes with scorn. Literature has been important not only to the city’s cultural life but to its identity, to the way it has been seen and, most importantly, to the way it has seen itself. Today, literary Adelaide is thriving. The ‘printers, schoolmasters and schoolmistresses, booksellers, authors, publishers, and even reviewers’ that Wakefield imagined more than 180 years ago have been augmented by other infrastructure such as the South Australian Writers’ Centre, the University of Adelaide’s creative writing program, by ArtsSA, by an online literary culture that connects the city to the rest of the world, and by countless reading groups and public readings. Adelaide is home to a vast array of interesting writers, such as Peter Goldsworthy, Sean Williams, Dylan Coleman, Vikki Wakefield, Jan Owen, Roseanne Hawke, Stephen Orr, Fiona McIntosh, Brian Castro, and many others. This flourishing literary life continues to be an important component of one of Adelaide’s most significant identities—as a city of creativity and culture. Adelaide: a literary city hopes to broaden and deepen our understanding of that long component of the city’s life.
email iconphone icon

open access book icon
Adjective Adverb Interfaces in Romance
Author: Martin Hummel
Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing Company
Source: Directory of Open Access Books
Type: Open Access Book
Description:
Cover Image
Within the current discussion on grammatical interfaces, the word-classes of adjective and adverb are of particular interest because they appear to be separated or joined in manifold ways at the level of word-class or syntax, with morphology playing a prominent role, especially in Romance. The volume provides typological and theoretical insights into the common or different usage of adjectives and adverbs in Romance. Diachronic change is discussed alongside with synchronic variation and the representation in grammar. The discussion turns out to be controversial, calling into question traditional assumptions such as the dogma of the invariability and the categorial status of the adverb.
email iconphone icon

open access book icon
Adjective attribution
Author: Rießler, Michael
Publisher: Language Science Press
Source: Directory of Open Access Books
Type: Open Access Book
License: Attribution
Description:
Cover Image
"This book is the first typological study of adjective attribution marking. Its focus lies on Northern Eurasia, although it covers many more languages and presents an ontology of morphosyntactic categories relevant to noun phrase structure in general. Beside treating synchronic data, the study contributes to historical linguistics by reconstructing the origin of new types specifically in the language contact area between the Indo-European and Uralic families."
email iconphone icon

open access book icon
L'administration de la foi
Author: Jean-Pierre Dedieu
Publisher: Casa de Velázquez
Source: Directory of Open Access Books
Type: Open Access Book
Description:
Cover Image
L’Inquisition, un tribunal parmi d’autres, le Saint-Office, enfin replacé dans l’ensemble des institutions judiciaires ; une remise en contexte qui révèle sa véritable originalité et détruit bien des légendes. L’Inquisition de Castille : une institution au service de l’Église et du Roi, un instrument de la Contre-Réforme, qui poursuit conversos et morisques, de même que les vieux-chrétiens, et dont toute l’action répressive constitue une pédagogie de la foi.
email iconphone icon

open access book icon
L'administration napoléonienne en Europe
Author: Christine Peyrard, Francis Pomponi, Michel Vovelle (dir.)
Publisher: Presses universitaires de Provence
Source: Directory of Open Access Books
Type: Open Access Book
Description:
Cover Image
Étudier l'administration napoléonienne en Europe à partir d'une étude de cas, celle d'un fonctionnaire français, Moreau de Saint Méry, à Parme sous le Consulat, permet de s'interroger non seulement sur la capacité des hommes de savoir et de pouvoir à s'adapter à tous les régimes politiques, mais aussi sur les adhésions et les résistances qu'elle a suscitées dans la péninsule italienne comme dans l'Europe des peuples, à partir de quelques exemples précis. Ce livre porte, enfin, une réflexion ...
email iconphone icon

open access book icon
ADN forense: problemas éticos y jurídicos
Author: María Casado
Publisher: Publicacions i Edicions de la Universitat de Barcelona
Source: Directory of Open Access Books
Type: Open Access Book
Description:
Cover Image
Los análisis genéticos afectan a derechos fundamentales, por lo que el uso de esta información debe estar supeditado a vías de control democrático. En la actualidad, la lucha contra grandes delitos, como por ejemplo el terrorismo, aparentemente legitima a invadir derechos antes considerados intangibles. La presente obra, fruto del trabajo multidisciplinar llevado a cabo por juristas, filósofos, biólogos, técnicos y médicos, tiene por objetivo poner de manifiesto cuáles son los problemas ético-jurídicos derivados de la obtención, el análisis y el almacenamiento del ADN, así como sus usos judiciales y extrajudiciales. Ante el difícil equilibrio entre libertad individual y seguridad colectiva, este libro ayuda a comprender los conflictos que subyacen en el manejo de una herramienta informativa tan poderosa como son las muestras y los perfiles del ADN.
email iconphone icon

open access book icon
A adoção em relações homoafetivas
Author: Baranoski, Maria Cristina Rauch
Publisher: SciELO Books - Editora UEPG
Source: Directory of Open Access Books
Type: Open Access Book
License: Attribution
Description:
Cover Image
O livro apresenta uma abordagem instigante sobre o ponto que mais gera controvérsias: a adoção de crianças e adolescentes por casais do mesmo sexo. A autora atenta muito mais ao direito assegurado constitucionalmente à convivência familiar de todos, quer dos que não vivem com a família biológica, quer dos que vivem uniões homoafetivas.
email iconphone icon

open access book icon
Adolescent Pregnancy: Past, Present and Future Trends and Issues
Author: Naomi Farber (Ed.)
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Source: Directory of Open Access Books
Type: Open Access Book
Description:
Cover Image
This collection provides a forum for leading scholars to examine theoretical insights and empirical findings associated with the recent decline in adolescent pregnancy and childbearing internationally, with special attention given to the United States. This recent shift in the incidence of adolescent fertility is notable in its consistency and magnitude; at the same time, however, continuing historic disparities require focused attention on the contemporary meaning of early childbearing in the U.S. as well as across the globe. The widely interdisciplinary contributions focus on demographic trends in adolescent fertility; successful intervention approaches and major “lessons learned” regarding primary pregnancy prevention; identification of key theoretical issues associated with these trends, with particular focus on the existence and meaning of disparities and their implications for youth development and wellbeing.
email iconphone icon

open access book icon
Les adolescents et la bibliothèque
Author: Claude Poissenot
Publisher: Éditions de la Bibliothèque publique d’information
Source: Directory of Open Access Books
Type: Open Access Book
Description:
Cover Image
Ils s'appellent Alice, Sébastien. Virginie. Tarik et Peggy. À l'âge de 10-11 ans, ils étaient tous inscrits à la bibliothèque municipale. Or, cinq après, plus de la moitié d'entre eux ont quitté le « temple des livres ». Cette érosion était connue depuis longtemps. Ses motifs et ses modalités ne l'étaient guère. Au moment de l'adolescence, les chemins de l'abandon qui s'offrent aux jeunes lecteurs sont aussi nombreux que divers : il y a les fidèles véritables et ceux qui restent « malgré eux ...
email iconphone icon

open access book icon
Adolfo Caminha: um polígrafo na literatura brasileira do século XIX (1885-1897)
Author: Bezerra, Carlos Eduardo de Oliveira
Publisher: SciELO Books - Editora UNESP
Source: Directory of Open Access Books
Type: Open Access Book
Description:
Cover Image
Trata-se, neste livro, do conjunto da obra de Adolfo Caminha - um polígrafo na literatura brasileira do século XIX - durante o período de 1885 a 1897. O estudo abrange não somente os seus textos ficcionais, mas também os seus escritos críticos e jornalísticos. Considera-se, portanto, a atuação do escritor como político, editor, leitor e crítico literário. Salienta-se que a escrita de Caminha se caracteriza por dois movimentos: um horizontal, que estende a sua obra, e outro vertical, que produz uma estética do aproveitamento, constituída a partir dos diálogos existentes entre um e outro dos seus fazeres. A obra apresenta uma contribuição original aos estudos sobre a literatura brasileira.
email iconphone icon

open access book icon
Adolpho Lutz - Adolpho Lutz e a entomologia médica no Brasil - v.2, Livro 3
Author: Benchimol, Jaime Larry (org.)
Publisher: SciELO Books - Editora FIOCRUZ
Source: Directory of Open Access Books
Type: Open Access Book
Description:
Cover Image
Organizada pelo historiador Jaime Benchimol e pela bióloga e historiadora da ciência Magali Romero Sá, é uma homenagem ao pesquisador e à sua trajetória. Adolpho Lutz foi o precursor das modernas campanhas sanitárias e dos estudos epidemiológicos envolvendo, sobretudo, o cólera, a febre tifóide, a peste bubônica e a febre amarela. Os quatro primeiros volumes da obra - que consistirá, quando completa, numa coleção de 21 livros acondicionados em cinco caixas - trazem: Primeiros Trabalhos: Alemanha, Suíça e Brasil (1878-1885); Hanseníase; Dermatologia e Micologia e ainda um suplemento contendo sumário, glossário e índices. Neles, os organizadores recuperaram o arquivo pessoal do cientista e de sua filha, a bióloga Bertha Lutz.
email iconphone icon

open access book icon
Adolpho Lutz - Dermatologia e Micologia - v.1, Livro 3
Author: Benchimol, Jaime Larry (org.)
Publisher: SciELO Books - Editora FIOCRUZ
Source: Directory of Open Access Books
Type: Open Access Book
Description:
Cover Image
Organizada pelo historiador Jaime Benchimol e pela bióloga e historiadora da ciência Magali Romero Sá, é uma homenagem ao pesquisador e à sua trajetória. Adolpho Lutz foi o precursor das modernas campanhas sanitárias e dos estudos epidemiológicos envolvendo, sobretudo, o cólera, a febre tifóide, a peste bubônica e a febre amarela. Os quatro primeiros volumes da obra - que consistirá, quando completa, numa coleção de 21 livros acondicionados em cinco caixas - trazem: Primeiros Trabalhos: Alemanha, Suíça e Brasil (1878-1885); Hanseníase; Dermatologia e Micologia e ainda um suplemento contendo sumário, glossário e índices. Neles, os organizadores recuperaram o arquivo pessoal do cientista e de sua filha, a bióloga Bertha Lutz.
email iconphone icon

back to top arrow