34,330 Results
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L'acteur de cinéma: approches plurielles
Author: Vincent Amiel, Jacqueline Nacache, Geneviève Sellier, Christian Viviani (dir.)
Publisher: Presses universitaires de Rennes
Source: Directory of Open Access Books
Type: Open Access Book
Description:
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L’acteur fut longtemps un mal-aimé des discours savants sur le cinéma : sa présence semblait un matériau précaire, fuyant, offrant peu de prise à l’analyse et à la théorie. Cependant les temps changent et, grâce aux efforts de nombreux critiques et universitaires, l’acteur s’est imposé au cours des dernières décennies comme objet légitime d’étude et de recherche. C’est de cette évolution qu’a voulu témoigner le colloque « L’acteur de cinéma, approches pluridisciplinaires », organisé à l’autom...
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Acteurs des transferts culturels en Méditerranée médiévale
Author: Abdellatif, Rania
Publisher: De Gruyter
Source: Directory of Open Access Books
Type: Open Access Book
Description:
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Der Mittelmeerraum wies während des Mittelalters einen großen Reichtum an Transfer- und Austauschprozessen auf. Waren entsprechende Bedingungen (geographische Mobilität, eine kulturell grenzüberschreitende Lebenssituation oder ein entsprechendes Aktivitätsfeld etc.) gegeben, konnten Menschen zu Vermittlern von Kulturgütern werden, darunter Gesandte, Pilger, Seeleute, Händler, Schmuggler, Kriegsgefangene, Geiseln, Missionare, Ärzte, Gelehrte, Übersetzer, Dolmetscher, Bauleute, Söldner und viele andere mehr. Der Band bietet einen Überblick über verschiedene Milieus, Gruppen und Individuen, die auf jeweils unterschiedlich Art die Mobilität von Kulturgütern im mittelalterlichen Mediterraneum beförderten.
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Acteurs et territoires du Sahel
Author: Abdoul Hameth Ba
Publisher: ENS Éditions
Source: Directory of Open Access Books
Type: Open Access Book
Description:
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Les formes des mises en relation entre sociétés ne cessent de varier en fonction des moyens de communication et des accords politiques entre États. La mobilité des hommes reste un des facteurs de ces mises en relation entre territoires non contigus ; elle permet le transfert des techniques, des capitaux, des idées et le développement d'une solidarité entre les peuples. Les mauvaises conditions climatiques dans l'espace sahélien d'une part, l'évolution des politiques nationales d'aménagement d...
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ACTH Action in the Adrenal Cortex: From Molecular Biology to Pathophysiology
Author: Nicole Gallo-Payet
Publisher: Frontiers Media SA
Source: Directory of Open Access Books
Type: Open Access Book
License: Attribution
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By stimulating adrenal gland and corticosteroid synthesis, the adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH) plays a central role in response to stress. In this Research Topic, a particular attention has been given to the recent developments on adrenocortical zonation; the growth-promoting activities of ACTH; the various steps involved in acute and chronic regulation of steroid secretion by ACTH, including the effect of ACTH on circadian rhythms of glucocorticoid secretion. The Research Topic also reviews progress and challenges surrounding the properties of ACTH binding to the MC2 receptor (MC2R), including the importance of melanocortin-2 receptor accessory protein (MRAP) in MC2R expression and function, the various intracellular signaling cascades, which involve not only protein kinase A, the key mediator of ACTH action, but also phosphatases, phosphodiesterases, ion channels and the cytoskeleton. The importance of the proteins involved in the cell detoxification is also considered, in particular the effect that ACTH has on protection against reactive oxygen species generated during steroidogenesis. The impact of the cellular microenvironment, including local production of ACTH is discussed, both as an important factor in the maintenance of homeostasis, but also in pathological situations, such as severe inflammation. Finally, the Research Topic reviews the role that the pituitary-adrenal axis may have in the development of metabolic disorders. In addition to mutations or alterations of expression of genes encoding components of the steroidogenesis and signaling pathways, chronic stress and sleep disturbance are both associated with hyperactivity of the adrenal gland. A resulting effect is increased glucocorticoid secretion inducing food intake and weight gain, which, in turn, leads to insulin and leptin resistance. These aspects are described in detail in this Research Topic by key investigators in the field. Many of the aspects addressed in this Research Topic still represent a stimulus for future studies, their outcome aimed at providing evidence of the central position occupied by the adrenal cortex in many metabolic functions when its homeostasis is disrupted. An in-depth investigation of the mechanisms underlying these pathways will be invaluable in developing new therapeutic tools and strategies.
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Actinobacteria in Special and Extreme Habitats: Diversity; Function Roles and Environmental Adaptations
Author: Sheng Qin
Publisher: Frontiers Media SA
Source: Directory of Open Access Books
Type: Open Access Book
License: Attribution
Description:
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Actinobacteria are highly diverse prokaryotes that are ubiquitous in soil, freshwater and marine ecosystems. Although various studies have focused on the ecology of this phylum, data are still scant on the diversity, abundance and ecology of actinobacteria endemic to special and extreme environments, such as gut, plant, alkaline saline soil, deep sea sediments, hot springs and other habitats. Actinobacteria are well-known producers of a vast array of secondary metabolites, many of which have useful applications in medicine and agriculture. Furthermore, actinobacteria also have diverse functions in different environments apart from antibiotic production. For example, actinobacteria are reported to contribute to the break-down and recycling of organic compounds. They play a significant role in fixation of nitrogen, improvement plant growth, biodegradation, bioremediation and environmental protection. Therefore, understanding the actinobacterial diversity and distribution in such special environments is important in deciphering the ecological roles of these microorganisms and for biotechnological bioprospecting. Recent advances in cultivation, DNA sequencing technologies and -omics (metagenomics, metaproteomics etc) methods have greatly contributed to the rapid advancement of our understanding of microbial diversity, function and they interactions with environment. Furthermore, comparative genomic studies can provide overall information about actinobacterial speciation, evolution, metabolism and environment adaptation mechanisms. This research topic comprising reviews and original articles highlights the recent advances regarding the unexpectedly diverse/rare group of actinobacteria with special selective isolation methods or culture-independent methods, as well as their biological activities, ecophysiologica function and mechanisms from diverse special and extreme environments.
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ACTION [poems]
Author: Anthony Opal
Publisher: punctum books
Source: Directory of Open Access Books
Type: Open Access Book
Description:
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ACTION — as in begin, genesis, motion — is a collection of poems ultimately concerned with form, those lines drawn in the sand that give way to the profanity of the holy, the holiness of the profane. Throughout ACTION, Opal engages the constraints inherent to seemingly fixed forms. From living with rheumatoid arthritis, to feeling for the edges of a sonnet tradition, to wrestling with the tenets of historical theology, this collection demonstrates that the only way to honestly submit to a form is to rage against it. However, to assume that this rage is not a kind of explosive joy—a Barthesian jouissance—would be to miss the point of poems that Dean Young has described as “radiant affirmations of life and art.”
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Active ageing and solidarity between generations in Europe. First results from SHARE after the economic crisis
Author: Börsch-Supan, Axel
Publisher: De Gruyter
Source: Directory of Open Access Books
Type: Open Access Book
Description:
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SHARE is an international survey designed to answer the societal challenges that face us due to rapid population ageing. How do Europeans age? Under which circumstances do older people and their families live, how healthy and active are they, and how did the crisis affect them? The authors of this multidisciplinary book have taken a first step toward answering these questions based on the recent SHARE data including a new social networks module.
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Active Touch Sensing
Author: Robyn Grant
Publisher: Frontiers Media SA
Source: Directory of Open Access Books
Type: Open Access Book
License: Attribution
Description:
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Active touch can be described as the control of the position and movement of tactile sensing systems to facilitate information gain. In other words, it is finding out about the world by reaching out and exploring - sensing by ‘touching’ as opposed to ‘being touched’. In this Research Topic (with cross-posting in both Behavioural Neuroscience and Neurorobotics) we welcomed articles from junior researchers on any aspect of active touch. We were especially interested in articles on the behavioral, physiological and neuronal underpinnings of active touch in a range of species (including humans) for submission to Frontiers in Behavioural Neuroscience. We also welcomed articles describing robotic systems with biomimetic or bio-inspired tactile sensing systems for publication in Frontiers in Neurorobotics.
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Activist Media and Biopolitics
Author: Wolfgang Sützl, Theo Hug (dir.)
Publisher: innsbruck university press
Source: Directory of Open Access Books
Type: Open Access Book
Description:
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After tactical media became less important, many media activist projects repositioned themselves: in the context of biopolitics they challenge the hegemony of biopower. This volume contains theoretical and empirical contributions to a conference on issues of media activism and biopolitics which has been organized by Innsbruck Media Studies in 2010. Theorists and activists describe and analyze media, whose goal is to enable resistance against regimes of biopower. The control of mobility and v...
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The Activist WPA: Changing Stories about Writing and Writers
Author: Adler-Kassner, Linda
Publisher: Utah State University, University Libraries
Source: Directory of Open Access Books
Type: Open Access Book
Description:
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One wonders if there is any academic field that doesn't suffer from the way it is portrayed by the media, by politicians, by pundits and other publics. How well scholars in a discipline articulate their own definition can influence not only issues of image but the very success of the discipline in serving students and its other constituencies. The Activist WPA is an effort to address this range of issues for the field of English composition in the aftermath of No Child Left Behind and the Spellings Commission. Drawing on recent developments in framing theory and the resurgent traditions of progressive organizers, Linda Adler-Kassner calls upon composition teachers and administrators to develop strategic programs of collective action that do justice to composition's best principles. Adler-Kassner argues that the ""story"" of college composition can be changed only when writing scholars bring the wonders down, to articulate a theory framework that is pragmatic and intelligible to those outside the field--and then create messages that reference that framework. In The Activist WPA, she makes a case for developing a more integrated vision of outreach, English education, and writing program administration.
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Actor-network theory and the empirical critique of environmental law: unpacking the bioprospecting debates
Author: Emilie Cloatre
Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing
Source: Directory of Open Access Books
Type: Open Access Book
Description:
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In recent years, actor-network theory (ANT), and the work of Bruno Latour in particular, have gained significant interest amongst legal scholars. This approach, derived from Science and Technology Studies (STS) and bearing various links with anthropology and ethnographic methods, has enabled new insights to emerge in relation to the ways in which law operates in everyday practices. The innovative position the approach suggests has been largely based on the breaking down of the dichotomy between nature and society, humans and non-humans, and in turn on an emphasis on the importance of materiality in social practices (and its complexity). In his early work, Bruno Latour therefore laid out the foundations of what was to become a radical rethink of sociological assumptions, by challenging the extent to which humanity can ever be imagined as being fundamentally separate from nature. Consequently, he argued that some of the most fundamental assumptions of modernity, about how knowledge is made, societies are built, and humans can relate to their environment, are mistaken and in need of revisiting. Given its deep engagement with our relationship with nature, and its grounding in the sociology of science, it is somehow surprising that ANT has not been more frequently explored in environmental law – in spite of a few examples. However, more resources are available to those wanting to imagine what an ‘ANT approach to environmental law’ may look like, if engaging with STS and the anthropology of science literature that has in recent years aimed to unpack some of the legal stories that surround environmental practices. In this chapter, I seek to bring together some of this scholarship to reflect on what ANT can bring to environmental law research. The chapter is illustrated specifically with the example of the use of natural resources for industrial purposes, and the long-standing debates on ‘biopiracy’ that have animated much legal debate since the 1990s. Through this example, I retrace the difficulty for modern environmental law to engage with practices that challenge the boundaries between nature and humanity, and the dichotomies on which law has so far operated. I explore how studies that have embraced some of the more radical claims of ANT and STS, and engaged ethnographic analyses of social practices, have illustrated how law often fails to seize the messiness of the entanglement of nature and society. I conclude by discussing how ANT, and the work of Bruno Latour, can be used more broadly by environmental lawyers seeking to reimagine the ways in which law relates to nature.
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Actors and the Art of Performance
Author: Granzer, Susanne Valerie
Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan
Source: Directory of Open Access Books
Type: Open Access Book
License: Attribution
Description:
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Acting on stage is a mode of performing an action, in the context of which the bodily aspects implicitly at work in acting reveal their own significance and power. This event can actualize a wound incarnated in human beings, because the actor acts and does not act at the same time and hence the concept of being ‘the doer’ unmasks itself as being illusionary. One could call it a kind of ‘symbolic death’ (Mueller), an ‘anthropological mutation’ (Agamben)––an event of great interest because of its highly ethical call.The book “Actors and the Art of Performance. Under Exposure” opens with a cascade of contradictory motives for becoming an actor. But, if theatre is no longer understood as a theatre of representation, then what takes place on stage is a transformation at play with truth, in which ethics are realized by the aesthetic. Insofar the book summarizes the attempt to explore and map guidelines of acting as being under the perspective of be-coming. That may sound fairly harmless in theory, but it feels anything but harmless when you experience it on your own body. For example, for being physical under exposure actors have to learn that there exists no fundamental dualism between mind and matter. Furthermore, actors are espoused to a dynamic shifting ground in the name of creativity. They have to carry the burden that the self is no sovereign identity as we generally suppose, but rather a threshold of permanent be-coming. One could call it the outstanding gift of acting. In the German language, gift means “poison”, in German ears the word has the double meaning of poison and present, thus expressing the fact that a gift is disturbing and blessing at the same time. Loaded with fear and joy as the crucial point of acting, which attacks and attracts actors and spectators most.
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Actualia Vennootschapsrecht
Author: Goovaerts, Eline
Publisher: Leuven University Press
Source: Directory of Open Access Books
Type: Open Access Book
Description:
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In dit boek zal elke notaris, advocaat, magistraat, bedrijfsjurist of consultant die van ver of dichtbij met het vennootschapsrecht in aanraking komt, zijn gading vinden. In een eerste deel wordt ingegaan op de problematiek van de vennootschap in oprichting. Aspecten van vertegenwoordiging en de raad van bestuur worden in deel twee behandeld. De voor de praktijk erg belangrijke materie van de kapitaalverhoging en -vermindering wordt uitvoerig behandeld in het derde deel. Het voorlaatste deel is gewijd aan de verkrijging van eigen aandelen. Tot slot wordt de lezer getracteerd op enkele zeer praktijkgerichte vraagstukken.
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Actuarial and Financial Risks in Life Insurance, Pensions and Household Finance
Author: Luca Regis (Ed.)
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Source: Directory of Open Access Books
Type: Open Access Book
Description:
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The recent regulatory changes, together with the increasing awareness of the variety of sources of uncertainty that affect the activities of insurance and pension funds, have generated increasing attention towards insurance risk management theory and practice. Against this background, this Special Issue collects relevant contributions on a variety of issues encompassing longevity risk modelling, solvency requirements, risk management, and risk sharing. This collection of papers provides insights, from both a theoretical and a practical perspective, into the modeling and management of actuarial and financial risks for institutions and households.
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Actuele bestaansonzekerheid
Author: van Lieshout, Peter
Publisher: Amsterdam University Press
Source: Directory of Open Access Books
Type: Open Access Book
Description:
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Sociale zekerheid dient de bestaanszekerheid te garanderen. Maar bestaanszekerheid is een steeds groter begrip geworden, dat ook te maken heeft met vraagstukken van identiteit en veiligheid. Door grote migratiebewegingen veranderde in relatief korte tijd, vooral in de grote steden, de samenstelling van de bevolking. Daarnaast werd veiligheid een steeds groter thema, enerzijds door de reële toename van de problemen, anderzijds door een groeiend maatschappelijk onbehagen. De zekerheid van het bestaan is niet alleen een materiële kwestie, maar heeft steeds meer te maken met het wegvallen van (veronderstelde) vanzelfsprekendheden. Daarbij is de afstand tussen publieke sector en burgers gegroeid. Het komt erop aan de zekerheid weer meer rond burgers te organiseren. De vervreemdende werking van de instituties zal moeten worden omgezet in nieuwe arrangementen van kleine zekerheden.
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Acupuncture – Basic Research and Clinical Application
Author: Gerhard Litscher (Ed.)
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Source: Directory of Open Access Books
Type: Open Access Book
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This book focuses on the investigation, development, and modernization of acupuncture in basic research settings as well as in clinical applications. The book contains 13 chapters reporting the latest evidence-based results of acupuncture research and exploring acupuncture in general. Altogether, 44 authors from all over the world contributed to this book.
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The Acute-Care Nurse Practitioner: A Transformational Journey
Author: Judy Rashotte
Publisher: Athabasca University Press
Source: Directory of Open Access Books
Type: Open Access Book
Description:
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The Acute-Care Nurse Practitioner is based on in-depth interviews with twenty-six nurse practitioners working in acute-care settings within tertiary-care institutions all across Canada. Employing a hermeneutic approach, Rashotte explores the perspectives from which NPs view their reality as they undergo a transformational journey of becoming a journey that is directed both outward, into the world, and inward, into the self. We learn how, in their struggle to engage in a meaningful practice that fulfills their goals as nurses, their purpose was hindered or achieved. In large part, the story unfolds in the voices of the NPs themselves, but their words are complemented by descriptive passages and excerpts of poetry that construct an animated and powerful commentary on their journey.
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Ad libros !
Author: Jean-François Cottier, Martin Gravel, Sébastien Rossignol (dir.)
Publisher: Presses de l'Université de Montréal
Source: Directory of Open Access Books
Type: Open Access Book
Description:
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Ad libros ! « Aux livres ! », ce cri attribué à dom Guillaume de Raynald au moment où le feu ravageait la Grande Chartreuse lors de l'incendie de 1371 est à la fois une injonction et un élan que tout médiéviste peut reprendre à son compte : élan du chercheur vers ses sources, injonction du professeur à ses élèves. Ces deux mots latins, qui ont servi de devise à Denise Angers et Joseph-Claude Poulin, forment donc un titre idéal pour des mélanges qui célèbrent ce couple d'humanistes passionnés....
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L'adaptation théâtrale en Irlande de 1970 à 2007
Author: Thierry Dubost (dir.)
Publisher: Presses universitaires de Caen
Source: Directory of Open Access Books
Type: Open Access Book
Description:
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Ce livre, consacré à l’adaptation théâtrale en Irlande de 1970 à 2007, s’attache aux réécritures dramatiques qui virent le jour en des temps marqués par une effervescence notable sur le plan des adaptations. Le bornage temporel initial s’explique par une renaissance théâtrale en Irlande à cette époque, renouveau marqué notamment par l’apparition de dramaturges majeurs, tels Brian Friel, Tom Murphy ou Thomas Kilroy. Les travaux rassemblés dans cet ouvrage s’efforcent de poser un regard neuf su...
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Adaptive Function and Brain Evolution
Author: Agustin Gonzalez
Publisher: Frontiers Media SA
Source: Directory of Open Access Books
Type: Open Access Book
License: Attribution
Description:
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The brain of each animal shows specific traits that reflect its phylogenetic history and its particular lifestyle. Therefore, comparing brains is not just a mere intellectual exercise, but it helps understanding how the brain allows adaptive behavioural strategies to face an ever-changing world and how this complex organ has evolved during phylogeny, giving rise to complex mental processes in humans and other animals. These questions attracted scientists since the times of Santiago Ramon y Cajal one of the founders of comparative neurobiology. In the last decade, this discipline has undergone a true revolution due to the analysis of expression patterns of morphogenetic genes in embryos of different animals. The papers of this e-book are good examples of modern comparative neurobiology, which mainly focuses on the following four Grand Questions: a) How are different brains built during ontogeny? b) What is the anatomical organization of mature brains and how can they be compared? c) How do brains work to accomplish their function of ensuring survival and, ultimately, reproductive success? d) How have brains evolved during phylogeny? The title of this e-book, Adaptive Function and Brain Evolution, stresses the importance of comparative studies to understand brain function and, the reverse, of considering brain function to properly understand brain evolution. These issues should be taken into account when using animals in the research of mental function and dysfunction, and are fundamental to understand the origins of the human mind.
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