34,330 Results
open access book icon
Acknowledgements
Author: Skuse, Alanna
Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan
Source: Directory of Open Access Books
Type: Open Access Book
Description:
Cover Image
The study of early modern cancer is significant for our understanding of the period’s medical theory and practice. In many respects, cancer exemplifies the flexibility of early modern medical thought, which managed to accommodate, seemingly without friction, the notion that cancer was a disease with humoral origins alongside the conviction that the malady was in some sense ontologically independent. Discussions of why cancer spread rapidly through the body, and was difficult, if not impossible, to cure, prompted various medical explanations at the same time that physicians and surgeons joined with non-medical authors in describing the disease as acting in a way that was ‘malignant’ in the fullest sense, purposely ‘fierce’, ‘rebellious’ and intractable.3 Theories seeking to explain why cancer appeared most often in the female breast similarly joined culturally mediated anatomical and humoral theory with recognition of the peculiarities of women’s social, domestic and emotional life-cycles. Moreover, as a morbid disease, cancer generated eclectic and sometimes extreme medical responses, the mixed results of which would prompt many questions over the proper extent of pharmaceutical or surgical intervention.
email iconphone icon

open access book icon
Acknowledgements
Author: Wilson, Duncan
Publisher: Manchester University Press
Source: Directory of Open Access Books
Type: Open Access Book
Description:
Cover Image
Recent decades have witnessed profound shifts in the politics of medicine and the biological sciences. Members of several professions, including philosophers, lawyers and social scientists, now discuss and help regulate issues that were once left to doctors and scientists, in a form of outside involvement known as ‘bioethics’. The making of British bioethics provides the first in-depth study of the growing demand for this outside involvement in Britain, where bioethicists have become renowned and influential ‘ethics experts’. The book moves beyond existing histories, which often claim that bioethics arose in response to questions surrounding new procedures such as in vitro fertilisation. It shows instead that British bioethics emerged thanks to a dynamic interplay between changing sociopolitical concerns and the aims of specific professional groups and individuals. Highlighting this interplay has important implications for our understanding of how issues such as embryo experiments, animal research and assisted dying became high profile ‘bioethical’ concerns in late twentieth century Britain. And it also helps us appreciate how various individuals and groups intervened in and helped create the demand for bioethics, playing a major role in their transformation into ‘ethics experts’. The making of British bioethics draws on a wide range of materials, including government archives, popular sources, professional journals, and original interviews with bioethicists and politicians. It is clearly written and will appeal to historians of medicine and science, general historians, bioethicists, and anyone interested in what the emergence of bioethics means for our notions of health, illness and morality.
email iconphone icon

open access book icon
Acknowledgements
Author: Langlois, Adèle
Publisher: Routledge
Source: Directory of Open Access Books
Type: Open Access Book
Description:
Cover Image
The sequencing of the entire human genome has opened up unprecedented possibilities for healthcare, but also ethical and social dilemmas about how these can be achieved, particularly in developing countries. UNESCO's Bioethics Programme was established to address such issues in 1993. Since then, it has adopted three declarations on human genetics and bioethics (1997, 2003 and 2005), set up numerous training programmes around the world and debated the need for an international convention on human reproductive cloning. Negotiating Bioethics presents Langlois' research on the negotiation and implementation of the three declarations and the human cloning debate, based on fieldwork carried out in Kenya, South Africa, France and the UK, among policy-makers, geneticists, ethicists, civil society representatives and industry professionals. The book examines whether the UNESCO Bioethics Programme is an effective forum for (a) decision-making on bioethics issues and (b) ensuring ethical practice. Considering two different aspects of the UNESCO Bioethics Programme - deliberation and implementation - at international and national levels, Langlois explores: - how relations between developed and developing countries can be made more equal - who should be involved in global level decision-making and how this should proceed - how overlap between initiatives can be avoided - what can be done to improve the implementation of international norms by sovereign states - how far universal norms can be contextualized - what impact the efficacy of national level governance has at international level Drawing on extensive empirical research, Negotiating Bioethics presents a truly global perspective on bioethics
email iconphone icon

open access book icon
Acoustic and Elastic Waves: Recent Trends in Science and Engineering
Author: Dimitrios G. Aggelis (Ed.)
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Source: Directory of Open Access Books
Type: Open Access Book
Description:
Cover Image
The present Special Issue intends to explore new directions in the field of acoustics and ultrasonics. The interest includes, but is not limited to, the use of acoustic technology for condition monitoring of materials and structures. Topics of interest (among others): • Acoustic emission in materials and structures (without material limitation) • Innovative cases of ultrasonic inspection • Wave dispersion and waveguides • Monitoring of innovative materials • Seismic waves • Vibrations, damping and noise control • Combination of mechanical wave techniques with other types for structural health monitoring purposes. Experimental and numerical studies are welcome.
email iconphone icon

open access book icon
Acoustics of the Vowel - Preliminaries
Author: Maurer, Dieter
Publisher: PETER LANG LTD International Academic Publishers
Source: Directory of Open Access Books
Type: Open Access Book
Description:
Cover Image
It seems as if the fundamentals of how we produce vowels and how they are acoustically represented have been clarified: we phonate and articulate. Using our vocal chords, we produce a vocal sound or noise which is then shaped into a specific vowel sound by the resonances of the pharyngeal, oral, and nasal cavities, that is, the vocal tract. Accordingly, the acoustic description of vowels relates to vowel-specific patterns of relative energy maxima in the sound spectra, known as patterns of formants. The intellectual and empirical reasoning presented in this treatise, however, gives rise to scepticism with respect to this understanding of the sound of the vowel. The reflections and materials presented provide reason to argue that, up to now, a comprehensible theory of the acoustics of the voice and of voiced speech sounds is lacking, and consequently, no satisfying understanding of vowels as an achievement and particular formal accomplishment of the voice exists. Thus, the question of the acoustics of the vowel—and with it the question of the acoustics of the voice itself—proves to be an unresolved fundamental problem.
email iconphone icon

open access book icon
Acquisition and Loss of Nationality|Volume 1: Comparative Analyses
Author: Groenendijk, Kees
Publisher: Amsterdam University Press
Source: Directory of Open Access Books
Type: Open Access Book
Description:
Cover Image
Nationality and citizenship have been subjects of stormy policy debates in many EU countries in recent years. Concerns over the integration of immigrants, but also attempts to forge links with emigrants, have led to changes in the laws regulating loss and acquisition of nationality and citizenship. This title outlines the research conducted by a team of 30 researchers into the nationality laws and their implementation in 15 EU member states. Acquisition and Loss of Nationality - Volume 1 presents the results of a systematic comparative analysis. It uses a novel methodology that permits a detailed comparison how nationality can be acquired or lost across all 15 countries. The results show divergent trends towards liberalization in some countries and new restrictions of access to nationality in others. The book examines the impact of international and European law, presents statistical data on naturalization and assesses administrative practices. Although the European Union has no formal competence in regulating nationality, the nationality laws of member states are linked to each other via the common citizenship of the Union. Member States should therefore agree on common norms for their nationality laws. The book contains detailed policy recommendations based on the idea that stakeholders in the political community should be given access to nationality. Studies of each country's nationality law are published separately in "http://www.aup.nl/do.php?a=show_visitor_book&isbn=9789053569214"> Volume 2. Additional material including detailed statistics and further comparative analyses of legal regulations of nationality is available at "http://www.imiscoe.org">www.imiscoe.org. Volume 1 & 2 are also available as a set, "http://www.aup.nl/do.php?a=show_visitor_book&isbn=9789053569498&l=2">click here for more information. This is the most comprehensive comparative study of the legal status of nationality so far and it will become an indispensable source of reference for further research. For more information see: "http://www.imiscoe.org/natac/">http://www.imiscoe.org/natac/
email iconphone icon

open access book icon
Acquisition and Loss of Nationality|Volume 2: Country Analyses
Author: Groenendijk, Kees
Publisher: Amsterdam University Press
Source: Directory of Open Access Books
Type: Open Access Book
Description:
Cover Image
Nationality and citizenship have been subjects of stormy policy debates in many EU countries in recent years. Concerns over the integration of immigrants, but also attempts to forge links with emigrants, have led to changes in the laws regulating loss and acquisition of nationality and citizenship. This title outlines the research conducted by a team of 30 researchers into the nationality laws and their implementation in 15 EU member states. "http://www.aup.nl/do.php?a=show_visitor_book&isbn=9789053569214&l=2"> Volume 2 of this study presents detailed studies of each country's nationality laws, their historical background and current provisions. It is a companion to "http://www.aup.nl/do.php?a=show_visitor_book&isbn=9789053569207&l=2">volume 1 which contains comparative analyses based on a novel methodology that permits a detailed comparison how nationality can be acquired or lost across all 15 countries. The results show divergent trends towards liberalization in some countries and new restrictions of access to nationality in others. "http://www.aup.nl/do.php?a=show_visitor_book&isbn=9789053569207&l=2">Volume 1 also examines the impact of international and European law, presents statistical data on naturalisation and assesses administrative practices. Although the European Union has no formal competence in regulating nationality, the nationality laws of member states are linked to each other via the common citizenship of the Union. Member States should therefore agree on common norms for their nationality laws. Volume 1 contains detailed policy recommendations based on the idea that stakeholders in the political community should be given access to nationality. In addition to the two volumes, detailed statistics and further comparative analyses of legal regulations of nationality are available at "http://www.imiscoe.org">www.imiscoe.org. Volume 1 & 2 are also available as a set, "http://www.aup.nl/do.php?a=show_visitor_book&isbn=9789053569498&l=2">click here form more information. This is the most comprehensive comparative study of the legal status of nationality so far and it will become an indispensable source of reference for further research. For more information see: "http://www.imiscoe.org/natac/">http://www.imiscoe.org/natac/
email iconphone icon

open access book icon
Across Space and Time. Papers from the 41st Conference on Computer Applications and Quantitative Methods in Archaeology, Perth, 25-28 March 2013
Author: Traviglia, Arianna
Publisher: Amsterdam University Press
Source: Directory of Open Access Books
Type: Open Access Book
Description:
Cover Image
This volume presents a selection of the best papers presented at the forty-first annual Conference on Computer Applications and Quantitative Methods in Archaeology. The theme for the conference was "Across Space and Time", and the papers explore a multitude of topics related to that concept, including databases, the semantic Web, geographical information systems, data collection and management, and more.
email iconphone icon

open access book icon
Across the margins: Cultural identity
Author: Smyth, Gerry
Publisher: Manchester University Press
Source: Directory of Open Access Books
Type: Open Access Book
Description:
Cover Image
Across the margins offers a comparative, theoretically informed analysis of the cultural formation of the Atlantic Archipelago. In its overall conception and in specific contributions (including an introductory essay), this collection demonstrates the benefits of working across the disciplines of history, geography, literature and cultural studies, but also presents new configurations of cultural forms hitherto associated with specifically national and sub-national literatures. The essays, from both established and new scholars working in the fields of British, Irish and comparative cultural studies, addresses broad questions raised by the interface between language, gender, sexuality and ethnicity in relation to marginal identities, but also includes specific genre-based case studies on contemporary poetry, fiction, drama, popular music and art. This format recognises the importance of specific concerns which emerge from different geographical locations, but also encourages movement beyond traditional formations of national cultures. Responding to recent constitutional developments in Great Britain and Ireland, it explores their implications both for the cultural negotiations of marginality and for established critical paradigms. It is therefore of interest to undergraduates, postgraduates and academics working in the areas of comparative literature, postcolonial theory, Irish, Scottish and Welsh studies, and British political/cultural studies.
email iconphone icon

open access book icon
Across the Oceans: Development of the overseas business information transmission
Author: Laakso, Seija-Riitta
Publisher: Finnish Literature Society / SKS
Source: Directory of Open Access Books
Type: Open Access Book
Description:
Cover Image
"In the early 19th century, the only way to transmit information was to send letters across the oceans by sailing ships or across land by horse and coach. Growing world trade created a need and technological development introduced options to improve general information transmission. Starting in the 1830s, a network of steamships, railways, canals and telegraphs was gradually built to connect different parts of the world. The book explains how the rate of information circulation increased many times over as mail systems were developed. Nevertheless, regional differences were huge. While improvements on the most significant trade routes between Europe, the Americas and East India were considered crucial, distant places such as California or Australia had to wait for gold fever to become important enough for regular communications. The growth of passenger services, especially for emigrants, was a major factor increasing the number of mail sailings. The study covers the period from the Napoleonic wars to the foundation of the Universal Postal Union (UPU) and includes the development of overseas business information transmission from the days of sailing ships to steamers and the telegraph."
email iconphone icon

open access book icon
Actas de las Jornadas Marcel Proust: Literatura y filosofía
Author: Melamed, Analía (coord.)
Publisher: Universidad Nacional de La Plata. Facultad de Humanidades y Ciencias de la Educación
Source: Directory of Open Access Books
Type: Open Access Book
Description:
Cover Image
Se publican las actas de las “Jornadas Marcel Proust: Literatura y Filosofía” en cuyas ponencias los investigadores exploran las múltiples conexiones entre filosofía y literatura presentes en el obra de Marcel Proust. En efecto, puesto que En busca del tiempo perdido reconstruye diversas tradiciones literarias, filosóficas y artísticas a la vez que suscita lecturas heterogéneas y divergentes, lo trabajos de las jornadas profundizan algunas de esas relaciones o proponen nuevas posibilidades de lectura. En las ponencias se indaga, en última instancia, sobre cuestiones y concepciones filosóficas inmanentes a los desarrollos ficcionales y las relaciones entre demostración ficcional y demostración filosófica, desde los estudios de género al neopragmatismo, de Merleau Ponty a Benjamin o Sartre.
email iconphone icon

open access book icon
Actas de las VII Jornadas de trabajo sobre Historia Reciente
Author: Flier, Patricia (coord.)
Publisher: Universidad Nacional de La Plata. Facultad de Humanidades y Ciencias de la Educación
Source: Directory of Open Access Books
Type: Open Access Book
Description:
Cover Image
Las Jornadas de Trabajo sobre Historia Reciente se encuadran en una persistente preocupación por abordar tanto desde perspectivas teórico-metodológicas como histórico-concretas las problemáticas que este fructífero campo está generando. Las VII Jornadas [2014] aspiran a acrecentar y consolidar el amplio desarrollo que ha tenido este ámbito de estudios en los últimos años. Para ello se proponen formas organizativas que propicien aún más el desarrollo de los debates e intercambios, así como otras actividades para la difusión de las problemáticas abordadas en nuevos formatos que alcancen ámbitos no estrictamente universitarios.
email iconphone icon

open access book icon
Actas del Primer Encuentro Deporte y Sociedad: Debates en tránsito en las Ciencias Sociales en la Argentina actual
Author: Ron, Osvaldo (coord.)
Publisher: Universidad Nacional de La Plata. Facultad de Humanidades y Ciencias de la Educación
Source: Directory of Open Access Books
Type: Open Access Book
Description:
Cover Image
Este libro reúne las exposiciones presentadas en el Primer Encuentro Deporte y Sociedad: Debates en tránsito en las Ciencias Sociales en la Argentina actual realizado en Ensenada en noviembre de 2016. El encuentro fue pensado como un espacio académico de participación de especialistas orientado a establecer vínculos e intercambios entre docentes investigadores interesados en debatir producciones relativas al tratamiento del deporte moderno en nuestra sociedad en una perspectiva que integra la docencia, la extensión y la investigación en las universidades nacionales.
email iconphone icon

open access book icon
Actas del Coloquio Internacional 50 años de Lire le Capital
Author: Karczmarczyk, Pedro (coord.)
Publisher: Universidad Nacional de La Plata. Facultad de Humanidades y Ciencias de la Educación
Source: Directory of Open Access Books
Type: Open Access Book
Description:
Cover Image
El volumen recoge los trabajos presentados en el Coloquio internacional: 50 años de Lire le Capital celebrado en Buenos Aires del 28 al 30 de octubre de 2015. El evento fue organizado por la Red Latinoamericana de Estudios Althusserianos (RELEA), Associazione Louis Althusser (Italia), las revistas Demarcaciones. Revista latinoamericana de estudios althusserianos y Décalages. An Althusser Studies Journal, contando con el aval de la Universidad de Buenos Aires, de la Universidad Nacional de la Plata, de la Universidad de Chile y de la Universita degli Studi Milano-Bicocca. El evento contó con un “Subsidio para reuniones científicas 2015” (por concurso abierto a nivel nacional) de la Agencia nacional de promoción científica y tecnológica, (ANPCyT).
email iconphone icon

open access book icon
Actas del Coloquio Internacional Sobre el pensamiento de Merleau-Ponty
Author: Solas, Silvia (Comp.)
Publisher: Universidad Nacional de La Plata. Facultad de Humanidades y Ciencias de la Educación
Source: Directory of Open Access Books
Type: Open Access Book
Description:
Cover Image
Los trabajos aquí reunidos reflejan el resultado de las comunicaciones y conferencias presentadas en el Coloquio Internacional Sobre el pensamiento de Maurice Merleau-Ponty desarrollado durante los días 6 y 7 de diciembre de 2016 en la FaHCE-UNLP. En él se pusieron a consideración y debate interpretaciones sobre algunos tópicos fundamentales de la obra del pensador francés, tales como las nociones de cuerpo, carne, quiasmo y naturaleza. Se revisaron relaciones distintivas en sus reflexiones poniendo el foco en el arte, en la historicidad, en la pintura y en la ciencia, así como algunos cruces posibles con otros pensamientos como los de Husserl, Heidegger, Rancière, Ricoeur, o el de los estudios de género.
email iconphone icon

open access book icon
Actas del Primer Encuentro Cuerpo, educación y sociedad
Author: Escudero, Carolina (Coord.)
Publisher: Universidad Nacional de La Plata. Facultad de Humanidades y Ciencias de la Educación
Source: Directory of Open Access Books
Type: Open Access Book
Description:
Cover Image
Este libro reúne los trabajos presentados en el I Encuentro Cuerpo, educación y sociedad (Ensenada, 7 al 9 de noviembre de 2016). Las temáticas abordadas en los mismos se vinculan de manera más o menos directa con los temas de investigación que se desarrollan en el Centro Interdisciplinario Cuerpo, Educación y Sociedad. Todos ellos vinculados al cuerpo, las prácticas corporales, su educación y formación en las sociedades contemporáneas. Hay trabajos más generales, vinculados a problematizaciones conceptuales y trabajos más específicos vinculados a problemas histórico-empíricos. Los ejes a partir de los cuales se problematiza el cuerpo, las prácticas corporales y su educación pasan por el juego, las sexualidades, las artes performáticas y la discapacidad entre otros. Dentro de estas características se ubican, tanto las presentaciones de las ponencias como las de los paneles e incluimos también una pequeña síntesis de los talleres de trabajo con el interés de mostrar los diversos modos en que la investigación sobre el cuerpo, su educación y las prácticas corporales se llevan a cabo en los momentos de transmisión de contenidos.
email iconphone icon

open access book icon
Actas del XIX Congreso del Instituto Internacional de Historia del Derecho Indiano: Berlin 2016. Volumen 1
Author: Duve, Thomas (editor)
Publisher: Universidad Carlos III de Madrid. Figuerola Institute of Social Science History
Source: Directory of Open Access Books
Type: Open Access Book
Description:
Cover Image
El Instituto Internacional de Historia del Derecho Indiano, creado en el año 1966, celebra periódicamente sus congresos en que participan los miembros y por invitación los estudiosos no miembros especializados en el Derecho Indiano, donde presentan sus investigaciones histórico-jurídicas. Desde su fundación, se han celebrado dieciocho congresos en diferentes países de Iberoamérica. El XIX Congreso del Instituto Internacional de Historia del Derecho Indiano se celebró en la ciudad de Berlín (Alemania) del lunes 29 de agosto al viernes 2 de septiembre de 2016. En las Actas del Congreso, se publican las versiones escritas de más de setenta ponencias presentadas en el Congreso. Las ocho mesas temáticas del evento fueron: Historia de la historiografía del Derecho Indiano; El Derecho Indiano en la historia europea y global; Circulación de ideas y prácticas jurídicas: casos y métodos de análisis (obras jurisprudenciales); Derecho y otros saberes normativos (derecho real y canónico, teología moral); Orden jurídico y diversidad cultural (derechos indígenas, pluralismo jurídico y judicial); Derecho Indiano Provincial y Local (reinos, provincias, repúblicas); Sociedad, justicia y gobierno (instituciones y prácticas); El Derecho Indiano en el siglo XIX: Derecho Civil y Público y Constitucionalismo moderno.
email iconphone icon

open access book icon
Actas del XIX Congreso del Instituto Internacional de Historia del Derecho Indiano: Berlin 2016. Volumen 2
Author: Duve, Thomas (editor)
Publisher: Universidad Carlos III de Madrid. Figuerola Institute of Social Science History
Source: Directory of Open Access Books
Type: Open Access Book
Description:
Cover Image
El Instituto Internacional de Historia del Derecho Indiano, creado en el año 1966, celebra periódicamente sus congresos en que participan los miembros y por invitación los estudiosos no miembros especializados en el Derecho Indiano, donde presentan sus investigaciones histórico-jurídicas. Desde su fundación, se han celebrado dieciocho congresos en diferentes países de Iberoamérica. El XIX Congreso del Instituto Internacional de Historia del Derecho Indiano se celebró en la ciudad de Berlín (Alemania) del lunes 29 de agosto al viernes 2 de septiembre de 2016. En las Actas del Congreso, se publican las versiones escritas de más de setenta ponencias presentadas en el Congreso. Las ocho mesas temáticas del evento fueron: Historia de la historiografía del Derecho Indiano; El Derecho Indiano en la historia europea y global; Circulación de ideas y prácticas jurídicas: casos y métodos de análisis (obras jurisprudenciales); Derecho y otros saberes normativos (derecho real y canónico, teología moral); Orden jurídico y diversidad cultural (derechos indígenas, pluralismo jurídico y judicial); Derecho Indiano Provincial y Local (reinos, provincias, repúblicas); Sociedad, justicia y gobierno (instituciones y prácticas); El Derecho Indiano en el siglo XIX: Derecho Civil y Público y Constitucionalismo moderno.
email iconphone icon

open access book icon
Actas del  Seminario Internacional Transformaciones territoriales y la actividad agropecuaria: Tendencias globales y emergentes locales
Author: Nieto, Daniela (Coord.)
Publisher: Universidad Nacional de La Plata. Facultad de Humanidades y Ciencias de la Educación
Source: Directory of Open Access Books
Type: Open Access Book
Description:
Cover Image
Esta publicación recapitula los trabajos presentados en el Seminario internacional Transformaciones territoriales y la actividad agropecuaria: Tendencias globales y emergentes locales,en mayo de 2016. Del encuentro participaron equipos de investigación de la UNLP, pertenecientes a la Facultad de Humanidades y Ciencias de la Educación y a la Facultad de Ciencias Agrarias y Forestales, y equipos de la Universidad Federal de Viços, Brasil. Las contribuciones abordan discusiones teórico-metodológicas y estudios de caso de actividades agropecuarias y transformaciones territoriales en espacios rurales.
email iconphone icon

open access book icon
L'acte de nommer
Author: Georgeta Cislaru, Olivia Guérin, Katia Morim, Émilie Née, Thierry Pagnier, Marie Veniard (dir.)
Publisher: Presses Sorbonne Nouvelle
Source: Directory of Open Access Books
Type: Open Access Book
Description:
Cover Image
Si rien ne paraît plus banal que l'acte de nommer, cette banalité ne saurait occulter la complexité du processus. Pris entre la dynamique des pratiques et les contraintes des formations discursives, entre l'expérience du monde et la construction des objets de discours, l'acte de nommer est à la fois éphémère et chargé de mémoire. Une façon d'appréhender l'acte de nommer dans ce qu'il a de complexe et d'original est de convoquer des approches différentes, telles l'analyse de discours, la praxé...
email iconphone icon

back to top arrow