34,330 Results
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L'abus de pouvoir dans l'Algérie coloniale (1880-1914)
Author: Didier Guignard
Publisher: Presses universitaires de Paris Nanterre
Source: Directory of Open Access Books
Type: Open Access Book
Description:
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Dans les années 1890, on assiste à une dénonciation croissante des abus de pouvoir en Algérie coloniale. La compétition électorale de la minorité française en est souvent à l'origine. Mais l'attention du Parlement et de la presse métropolitaine grandit pour transformer ces affaires en « scandales algériens ». Ils donnent à voir un système politique et administratif gangrené par la violence, le clientélisme et la corruption qui sont nourris par l'abondance des fonds publics dans une colonie de...
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Abweichungen vom Deutschen Corporate Governance Kodex und von §161 AktG als Pflichtverletzung im Sinne der Untreue
Publisher: Universitätsverlag Göttingen
Source: Directory of Open Access Books
Type: Open Access Book
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Die Arbeit befasst sich mit Abweichungen vom Deutschen Corporate Governance Kodex und von § 161 AktG als Pflichtverletzung im Sinne der Untreue und soll insbesondere zur Klärung der Rechtsnatur dieses aktiengesellschaftsrechtlichen Regulierungsinstruments, welches in unserer Rechtsordnung seinesgleichen sucht, beitragen. Aus strafrechtlicher Perspektive ganz in den Mittelpunkt gerückt wird hierbei das Pflichtverletzungsmerkmal des § 266 StGB im Kontext der Organuntreue, welche Rechtsprechung und Wissenschaft zunehmend beschäftigt. Vertieft nachgegangen wird dabei der Frage, inwieweit der Untreuetatbestand zivilrechtsakzessorisch ist. Außerdem wird untersucht, ob jeder Verstoß gegen die aus §§ 93 Abs. 1 S. 1, 116 S. 1 AktG folgende Legalitätspflicht der Organmitglieder von Aktiengesellschaften auch eine Pflichtverletzung im Sinne der Untreue darstellt.
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Abwesenheit von Rom: Aristokratische Interaktion in der späten römischen Republik und in der frühen Kaiserzeit
Author: Habenstein, Astrid
Publisher: Heidelberg University Publishing (heiUP)
Source: Directory of Open Access Books
Type: Open Access Book
Description:
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The immense ideological significance that the city of Rome held since the times of the late republic corresponded until the 2nd century AD with the actual supremacy of the urbs within the Imperium Romanum: Rome was the place where socially and politically influential players and groups met; it was where they tried to create an atmosphere of mutual understanding and agreement through complex ways of interaction. Until well into the imperial era the senatorial aristocracy considered the interacting presence of Rome as a major constant of their lifestyle. At least until the 1st century AD the emperors could not disengage themselves from the reference framework that the city was. Therefore, the forms and the reasons for aristocratic and imperial absence are of particular interest. Which role the absence of Rome played in the system of aristocratic interaction and which implications it had for politics and the society of the late republic and the early imperial era is the subject of the present study. Astrid Habenstein's work was awarded by the Historical Institute at the University of Bern with the prize for the best PhD-thesis in 2012.
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The Academic Book of the Future
Author: Lyons, Rebecca E
Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan
Source: Directory of Open Access Books
Type: Open Access Book
License: Attribution
Description:
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This book is open access under a CC-BY licence. What makes a book 'academic'? What spaces, physical and digital, can they be found in? How are they made, bought, and read? These questions are tackled by a cross-section of thirteen experts from the fields of bookselling, publishing, university libraries, and academic research in this volume of essays, which was produced in conjunction with the team from the AHRC/British Library Academic Book of the Future Project as an accelerated publishing challenge for the first ever Academic Book Week. The topics include campus bookshops and bookselling, the role of national libraries, Open Access, the Research Excellence Framework, and publishing innovation. The approaches explore the realities of the present and venture all the way through to possible futures. There is something here for everyone who is connected to academic books – however these are defined, and whatever shape they are read in.
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Academic E-Books
Author: Nixon, Judith M.
Publisher: Purdue University Press
Source: Directory of Open Access Books
Type: Open Access Book
Description:
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Academic E-Books: Publishers, Librarians, and Users provides readers with a view of the changing and emerging roles of electronic books in higher education. The three main sections contain contributions by experts in the publisher/vendor arena, as well as by librarians who report on both the challenges of offering and managing e-books and on the issues surrounding patron use of e-books. The case study section offers perspectives from seven different sizes and types of libraries whose librarians describe innovative and thought-provoking projects involving e-books.
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L'accentuation grecque
Author: Henri Tonnet
Publisher: Presses de l’Inalco
Source: Directory of Open Access Books
Type: Open Access Book
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Parler avec des Grecs et en être compris ? Facile ! si on sait où et comment poser l’accent tonique.Si le grec ancien est polytonique, le grec moderne est monotonique : sa compréhension et son expression dépendent donc de la maîtrise de son accentuation. Ce manuel en donne les règles et les explique, même s’il faut utiliser des mots « savants » comme oxytons, paroxytons, proparoxytons, etc.Les exemples très nombreux (sans oublier les exceptions) proposés par Henri Tonnet nous ramènent systém...
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Access to Knowledge in Brazil
Author: Lea Shaver
Publisher: Bloomsbury Academic
Source: Directory of Open Access Books
Type: Open Access Book
Description:
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Access to Knowledge in Brazil addresses the issues currently facing intellectual property and innovation in the context of developing countries. This book explores how copyrights and patents have influenced the rapidly growing economy of Brazil. This volume contains grassroots perspective sand new research, which is not available anywhere else.
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Access to Knowledge in Egypt
Author: Lea Shaver
Publisher: Bloomsbury Academic
Source: Directory of Open Access Books
Type: Open Access Book
Description:
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This ground-breaking volume features chapters on current issues facing intellectual property, innovation and development policy from the Egyptian perspective. It is an essential overview of the key issues facing access to knowledge, intellectual property rights and development worldwide.
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Access to Knowledge in India
Author: Ramesh Subramanian
Publisher: Bloomsbury Academic
Source: Directory of Open Access Books
Type: Open Access Book
Description:
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Access to Knowledge in India addresses the issues currently facing intellectual property and innovation in India. This book explores how copyrights and patents have influenced the rapidly growing economy of India.
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Access to Online Resources: A Guide for the Modern Librarian
Author: Kristina Botyriute
Publisher: Springer
Source: Directory of Open Access Books
Type: Open Access Book
License: Attribution
Description:
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The book offers a concise guide for librarians, helping them understand the challenges, processes and technologies involved in managing access to online resources. After an introduction the book presents cases of general authentication and authorisation. It helps readers understand web based authentication and provides the fundamentals of IP address recognition in an easy to understand manner. A special chapter is dedicated to Security Assertion Markup Language (SAML), followed by an overview of the key concepts of OpenID Connect. The book concludes with basic troubleshooting guidelines and recommendations for further assistance. Librarians will benefit from this quick and easy read, which demystifies the technologies used, features real-life scenarios, and explains how to competently employ authentication and access management.
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Accessible Elements: Teaching Science Online and at a Distance
Author: Dietmar Kennepohl
Publisher: Athabasca University Press
Source: Directory of Open Access Books
Type: Open Access Book
Description:
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Accessible Elements informs science educators about current practices in online and distance education: distance-delivered methods for laboratory coursework, the requisite administrative and institutional aspects of online and distance teaching, and the relevant educational theory. Delivery of university-level courses through online and distance education is a method of providing equal access to students seeking post-secondary education. Distance delivery offers practical alternatives to traditional on-campus education for students limited by barriers such as classroom scheduling, physical location, finances, or job and family commitments. The growing recognition and acceptance of distance education, coupled with the rapidly increasing demand for accessibility and flexible delivery of courses, has made distance education a viable and popular option for many people to meet their science educational goals.
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Accessing Conceptual Representations for Speaking
Author: Peter Indefrey
Publisher: Frontiers Media SA
Source: Directory of Open Access Books
Type: Open Access Book
License: Attribution
Description:
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For speaking, words in the lexicon are somehow activated from conceptual representations but we know surprisingly little about how this works precisely. Which of the attributes of the concept DOG (e.g. BARKS, IS WALKED WITH A LEASH, CARNIVORE, ANIMATE) have to be activated in a given situation to be able to select the word ‘dog’? Are there things we know about dogs that are always activated for naming and others that are only activated in certain contexts or even never? To date, investigations on lexical access in speaking have largely focused on the effects of distractor nouns on the naming latency of a target noun. We have learned that distractors from the same semantic category (e.g. ‘cat’) hinder naming, but associatively related distractors (‘leash’) may facilitate or hinder naming. However, associatively related words can have all kinds of semantic relationships to a target word, and, with few exceptions, the effects of specific semantic relationships other than membership in the same category as the target concept have not been systematically investigated. This special issue aims at moving forward towards a more detailed account of how precisely conceptual information is used to access the lexicon in speaking and what corresponding format of conceptual representations needs to be assumed.
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L'accesso al farmaco
Author: Alice Cauduro
Publisher: Ledizioni - LediPublishing
Source: Directory of Open Access Books
Type: Open Access Book
Description:
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“Il farmaco è un bene di rilevanza giuridica sia in quanto strumentale alla tutela della salute sia in quanto possibile oggetto di rapporti economici. Si comprende pertanto come la disciplina del farmaco si collochi al crocevia di differenti interessi e come il rapporto tra questo bene e il suo diritto possa declinarsi attraverso molteplici prospettive”. (Dal testo)
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L'accident majeur de Fukushima
Author: Alain Carpentier
Publisher: EDP SCIENCES
Source: Directory of Open Access Books
Type: Open Access Book
Description:
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« Le 11 mars 2011, le district Nord-Est du Japon a été frappé par un tremblement de terre massif suivi d’un tsunami majeur et d’une série d’accidents à la centrale nucléaire de Fukushima avec fuites d’éléments radioactifs ». Tel est le message que le professeur Kanazawa, président du Science Council of Japan (SCJ) adressa quelques jours après la catastrophe aux présidents des académies des sciences étrangère …
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ACCORDI INTERNAZIONALI DEGLI STATI MEMBRI DELL’UNIONE EUROPEA E STATI TERZI
Author: Stefano Saluzzo
Publisher: Ledizioni - LediPublishing
Source: Directory of Open Access Books
Type: Open Access Book
Description:
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“La crescente rilevanza dell’azione esterna dell’Unione europea, determinata anche dall’ampliamento costante delle competenze dell’Unione in questo ambito, ha comportato un considerevole ridimensionamento della vita di relazione internazionale degli Stati membri. In molti settori del diritto internazionale, l’Unione si è progressivamente sostituita ai propri Stati nella gestione delle relazioni con i Paesi terzi. […] La scelta del tema trattato in questo lavoro nasce dunque da due considerazioni, l’una di metodo, l’altra di merito. La prima coincide con l’avvertita necessità di tentare una ricostruzione delle forme di interazione tra diritto dell’Unione e accordi internazionali degli Stati membri secondo uno schema unitario, che tenga in debita considerazione le pertinenti norme di diritto internazionale. […] Quanto alle considerazioni di merito, risulta oggi più evidente di un tempo che l’accrescimento delle competenze attribuite all’Unione europea, tanto di quelle interne che di quelle esterne, solleva sempre più frequentemente profili cruciali di coordinamento tra attività dell’Unione e obblighi internazionali degli Stati membri. Le forme di interazione tra le due fonti sono le più varie e pongono problemi applicativi di rilevante complessità”. (Dall’introduzione)
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Accountability in Public Policy Partnerships
Author: Steets, Julia
Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan
Source: Directory of Open Access Books
Type: Open Access Book
Description:
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"Public-private partnerships have become an important tool for delivering essential public goods, but critics fear that they erode public accountability. Making partnerships more accountable requires a clear understanding of what accountability means for partnerships and which mechanisms can be used to strengthen it. Accountability in Public Policy Partnerships develops a new model of accountability based on principal-agent theory. This model provides a firm normative foundation for accountability demands. At the same time, it shows which accountability standards apply to which kinds of partnerships. Norm-setting partnerships, for example, require strong mechanisms for participation, whereas implementation partnerships must focus on performance evaluation, competitive bidding and beneficiary feedback processes. The accountability model and standards developed in this book provide a guide for partnership practitioners who are developing the governance structures of their partnerships; they serve as benchmarks for evaluating partnerships; and they provide new inputs for the ongoing accountability debates in the public, the corporate and the civil society sectors. "
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Accueil en exclusion
Author: Françoise Duby
Publisher: Presses universitaires de Louvain
Source: Directory of Open Access Books
Type: Open Access Book
Description:
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Il est devenu aujourd’hui de plus en plus difficile de faire entendre la parole de ceux qui sont considérés comme exclus, marginaux, surnuméraires, désocialisés. C’est pourtant là l’enjeu du livre de Françoise Duby. En quoi les instances d’accueil et autres dispositifs disponibles dans le secteur de l’exclusion sont-ils au premier chef concernés par le maintien ou non de l’exclusion sociale ? Pour avoir vécu un temps avec la marginalité urbaine de la rue, F. Duby retrouve une nouvelle fois, à...
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Acht Geschichten über die Integrationsgeschichte
Author: Pichler, Peter
Publisher: Studien Verlag
Source: Directory of Open Access Books
Type: Open Access Book
Description:
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European integration represents a historically unprecedented and new form of a continent's peaceful unification. Therefore, historiography needs innovative theoretical concepts to illustrate this process appropriately; at the present moment, however, integration history is only characterized by an extensive 'theoretical deficit'. The book project 'Acht Geschichten über die Integrationsgeschichte. Zur Grundlegung der Geschichte der europäischen Integration als ein episodisches historiographisches Erzählen' critically adopts this opinion and illuminates the theoretical principles of integration historiography. A proposal regarding the theoretical principles of unification historiography is compiled from an interdisciplinary perspective. The concept of the episodic historiographic narrative (Peter Pichler) understands the unification of Europe as a comprehensive cooperation and transformation process in which various historic strands (e.g. political, economic, cultural, social, legal, religious, etc.) interlink with each other. Therefore it would be most sensible to show their totality as an episodic historiographic network within the historiographic context. This theoretical proposal shall be provided for research as a new meta-perspective and methodical tool.In a first step, the hitherto existing research on integration history is critically reviewed. Furthermore, its discourse will be analysed. Particular attention is paid to include Eastern and Southern European as well as Turkish perspectives. Their synopsis shows the interplay between the Eastern and Southern European 'transition'-narrative and the Turkish perspective on the integration process as the driving force of the debate. Furthermore, 'post-modern' perspectives on integration history represent an important feature of the discourse's acceleration and renewal. The first step ends with the contributors being able to give a first innovative impulse to the discursive renewal of research concerning integration history; the neoterised term 'transnarrative competence' allows for correlation between 'transition'-narrative and Turkish perspectives on integration. In a second step, those theoretical features from recent developments in integration and historical theory are isolated that can contribute to a perspective renewal of research. The concept of the episodic historiographic narrative proposes an interdisciplinary theory based on those elements of political, social, legal and cultural sciences. The analytical narrative mindset of each element is determined and thus reconstructed as one episodic plot line, one episode of European integration history. The net of episodes eventually constitutes the proposed theory of an episodic historiographic narrative. Thus, the concept of the episodic historiographic narrative does not only enable histrorians to overcome the deficit in the theory of integration historiography but also enters new academic ground by uniting interdisciplinary elements to an episodic network.
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Acidentes industriais ampliados : desafios e perspectivas para o controle e a prevenção
Author: Carlos Machado de Freitas
Publisher: SciELO Books - Editora FIOCRUZ
Source: Directory of Open Access Books
Type: Open Access Book
License: Attribution
Description:
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Contempla: aspectos teóricos e metodólogicos referentes às causas de acidentes industriais ampliados numa abordagem interdisciplinar; cenários em que estes se dão e mudanças possíveis a partir de sua ocorrência, tendo como referência casos de eventos passados e situações críticas presentes; planejamento de emergências e critérios para a gestão de desastres; estratégias institucionais de controle e prevenção. A obra se espraia pela multiplicidade de olhares de vinte especialistas, brasileiros e estrangeiros, de várias instituições e formações, que, em 13 capítulos, garantem ao leitor um panorama abrangente e atual sobre tema tão pouco explorado, mas tão importante para a preservação da vida.
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Acknowledgements
Author: Miller, Ian
Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan
Source: Directory of Open Access Books
Type: Open Access Book
Description:
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It is the first monograph-length study of the force-feeding of hunger strikers in English, Irish and Northern Irish prisons. It examines ethical debates that arose throughout the twentieth century when governments authorised the force-feeding of imprisoned suffragettes, Irish republicans and convict prisoners. It also explores the fraught role of prison doctors called upon to perform the procedure. Since the Home Office first authorised force-feeding in 1909, a number of questions have been raised about the procedure. Is force-feeding safe? Can it kill? Are doctors who feed prisoners against their will abandoning the medical ethical norms of their profession? And do state bodies use prison doctors to help tackle political dissidence at times of political crisis?
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