4,615 Results
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À la recherche de la Bosnie-Herzégovine
Author: Marianne Ducasse-Rogier
Publisher: Graduate Institute Publications
Source: Directory of Open Access Books
Type: Open Access Book
Description:
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L’ouvrage de Marianne Ducasse-Rogier analyse en profondeur et dans sa globalité la gigantesque entreprise de reconstruction de la Bosnie-Herzégovine qu’a constitué la mise en œuvre de l’accord de paix de Dayton signé en novembre 1995. Cette étude pluridisciplinaire et critique aborde tous les aspects de l’opération originale de consolidation de la paix entreprise à cette occasion. Elle traite en particulier des questions de sécurité (extérieure et intérieure) et, sur le plan civil, de la démo...
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The ABC's of Human Survival: A Paradigm for Global Citizenship
Author: Arthur Clark
Publisher: Athabasca University Press
Source: Directory of Open Access Books
Type: Open Access Book
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The ABCs of Human Survival examines the effect of militant nationalism and the lawlessness of powerful states on the well-being of individuals and local communities―and the essential role of global citizenship within that dynamic. Based on the analysis of world events, Dr. Arthur Clark presents militant nationalism as a pathological pattern of thinking that threatens our security, while emphasizing effective democracy and international law as indispensable frameworks for human protection. Within the contexts of history, sociology, philosophy, and spirituality, The ABCs of Human Survival calls into question the assumptions of consumer culture and offers, as an alternative, strategies to improve overall well-being through the important choices we make as individuals.
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Abgrund Metz. Kriegserfahrung, Belagerungsalltag und nationale Erziehung im Schatten einer Festung 1870/71
Author: Steinbach, Matthias
Publisher: De Gruyter
Source: Directory of Open Access Books
Type: Open Access Book
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Der Krieg um Metz und die Belagerung der Festung im Jahre 1870 gehören zu den eher vernachlässigten Ereignissen des Deutsch-Französischen Krieges. Von den symbolisch hoch aufgeladenen und in der Erinnerung tief verankerten Schauplätzen Sedan oder Versailles verdeckt, wird leicht übersehen, dass die Kapitulation der Festung Metz militärisch von kriegsentscheidender Bedeutung war und das Schicksal Elsass-Lothringens bestimmte. Zugleich sind die Ereignisse um Metz Beispiel dafür, dass Krieg, wie bei Clausewitz nachzulesen, ein sich Einlassen auf Ungewisses, wenig Kalkulierbares bedeutet, denn keineswegs ging alles so glatt, wie die gefilterte Memoirenliteratur späterer Jahre glauben machen wollte, und die Opferzahlen lagen im Vergleich zu allen anderen Kriegsschauplätzen ungeheuer hoch. Ziel der Studie ist es, den Ausnahmezustand des Kriegsalltags mit all seinen Folgen für Soldaten und Zivilisten innerhalb des Festungs- und Garnisonsstandortes zu schildern. Über die Lebens- und Gedankenwelt der Menschen im Banne des Ereignisses hinaus wird nach den davon ausgehenden Wirkungslinien in die Zwischenkriegszeit gefragt - nach Metz als einem Schauplatz und Erinnerungsort nationaler Erziehung.
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Der Abschreckungseffekt auf die Grundrechtsausübung
Author: Staben, Julian
Publisher: Mohr Siebeck
Source: Directory of Open Access Books
Type: Open Access Book
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Julian Staben examines chilling effects, framed as deterrence-based lines of argument, in the jurisprudence of the Bundesverfassungsgericht (German Federal Constitutional Court) and compares them with the jurisprudence of the US Supreme Court. Chilling effects follow distinct patterns when it comes to online behaviour and emerging digital practices and therefore call for their constitutional reassessment. Julian Staben's work enables a more methodologically reflective use of these arguments in the judicial discourse.
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Absolutismus, ein unersetzliches Forschungskonzept? L'absolutisme, un concept irremplaçable? Eine deutsch-französische Bilanz. Une mise au point franco-allemande
Author: Schilling, Lothar
Publisher: De Gruyter
Source: Directory of Open Access Books
Type: Open Access Book
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Die Frühe Neuzeit kannte eine Vielzahl von Diskursen, Performanzen und Repräsentationen, die auf eine Überhöhung des Monarchen abzielten, ohne sich jedoch zu einer kohärenten Gesamtheit zusammenzufügen. Ist das umfassende Forschungskonzept "Absolutismus" diesem heterogenen Befund angemessen? Die Beiträge gehen dieser Frage im Wesentlichen anhand von französischen Beispielen nach. Sie sehen Absolutismus dabei im Sinne neuerer kulturhistorischer Ansätze nicht als "objektive" Gegebenheit oder real existierende gesellschaftliche Struktur, sondern als frühneuzeitliche Konstruktion, als sozial und kulturell konstruierte Vorstellungswelt, in der Einflussmöglichkeiten und Herrschaftsansprüche zu allererst symbolisch repräsentiert wurden.
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Academic E-Books
Author: Nixon, Judith M.
Publisher: Purdue University Press
Source: Directory of Open Access Books
Type: Open Access Book
Description:
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Academic E-Books: Publishers, Librarians, and Users provides readers with a view of the changing and emerging roles of electronic books in higher education. The three main sections contain contributions by experts in the publisher/vendor arena, as well as by librarians who report on both the challenges of offering and managing e-books and on the issues surrounding patron use of e-books. The case study section offers perspectives from seven different sizes and types of libraries whose librarians describe innovative and thought-provoking projects involving e-books.
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Access to Knowledge in Brazil
Author: Lea Shaver
Publisher: Bloomsbury Academic
Source: Directory of Open Access Books
Type: Open Access Book
Description:
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Access to Knowledge in Brazil addresses the issues currently facing intellectual property and innovation in the context of developing countries. This book explores how copyrights and patents have influenced the rapidly growing economy of Brazil. This volume contains grassroots perspective sand new research, which is not available anywhere else.
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Access to Knowledge in Egypt
Author: Lea Shaver
Publisher: Bloomsbury Academic
Source: Directory of Open Access Books
Type: Open Access Book
Description:
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This ground-breaking volume features chapters on current issues facing intellectual property, innovation and development policy from the Egyptian perspective. It is an essential overview of the key issues facing access to knowledge, intellectual property rights and development worldwide.
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Access to Knowledge in India
Author: Ramesh Subramanian
Publisher: Bloomsbury Academic
Source: Directory of Open Access Books
Type: Open Access Book
Description:
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Access to Knowledge in India addresses the issues currently facing intellectual property and innovation in India. This book explores how copyrights and patents have influenced the rapidly growing economy of India.
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Accessible Elements: Teaching Science Online and at a Distance
Author: Dietmar Kennepohl
Publisher: Athabasca University Press
Source: Directory of Open Access Books
Type: Open Access Book
Description:
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Accessible Elements informs science educators about current practices in online and distance education: distance-delivered methods for laboratory coursework, the requisite administrative and institutional aspects of online and distance teaching, and the relevant educational theory. Delivery of university-level courses through online and distance education is a method of providing equal access to students seeking post-secondary education. Distance delivery offers practical alternatives to traditional on-campus education for students limited by barriers such as classroom scheduling, physical location, finances, or job and family commitments. The growing recognition and acceptance of distance education, coupled with the rapidly increasing demand for accessibility and flexible delivery of courses, has made distance education a viable and popular option for many people to meet their science educational goals.
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Accountability in Public Policy Partnerships
Author: Steets, Julia
Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan
Source: Directory of Open Access Books
Type: Open Access Book
Description:
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"Public-private partnerships have become an important tool for delivering essential public goods, but critics fear that they erode public accountability. Making partnerships more accountable requires a clear understanding of what accountability means for partnerships and which mechanisms can be used to strengthen it. Accountability in Public Policy Partnerships develops a new model of accountability based on principal-agent theory. This model provides a firm normative foundation for accountability demands. At the same time, it shows which accountability standards apply to which kinds of partnerships. Norm-setting partnerships, for example, require strong mechanisms for participation, whereas implementation partnerships must focus on performance evaluation, competitive bidding and beneficiary feedback processes. The accountability model and standards developed in this book provide a guide for partnership practitioners who are developing the governance structures of their partnerships; they serve as benchmarks for evaluating partnerships; and they provide new inputs for the ongoing accountability debates in the public, the corporate and the civil society sectors. "
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Acht Geschichten über die Integrationsgeschichte
Author: Pichler, Peter
Publisher: Studien Verlag
Source: Directory of Open Access Books
Type: Open Access Book
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European integration represents a historically unprecedented and new form of a continent's peaceful unification. Therefore, historiography needs innovative theoretical concepts to illustrate this process appropriately; at the present moment, however, integration history is only characterized by an extensive 'theoretical deficit'. The book project 'Acht Geschichten über die Integrationsgeschichte. Zur Grundlegung der Geschichte der europäischen Integration als ein episodisches historiographisches Erzählen' critically adopts this opinion and illuminates the theoretical principles of integration historiography. A proposal regarding the theoretical principles of unification historiography is compiled from an interdisciplinary perspective. The concept of the episodic historiographic narrative (Peter Pichler) understands the unification of Europe as a comprehensive cooperation and transformation process in which various historic strands (e.g. political, economic, cultural, social, legal, religious, etc.) interlink with each other. Therefore it would be most sensible to show their totality as an episodic historiographic network within the historiographic context. This theoretical proposal shall be provided for research as a new meta-perspective and methodical tool.In a first step, the hitherto existing research on integration history is critically reviewed. Furthermore, its discourse will be analysed. Particular attention is paid to include Eastern and Southern European as well as Turkish perspectives. Their synopsis shows the interplay between the Eastern and Southern European 'transition'-narrative and the Turkish perspective on the integration process as the driving force of the debate. Furthermore, 'post-modern' perspectives on integration history represent an important feature of the discourse's acceleration and renewal. The first step ends with the contributors being able to give a first innovative impulse to the discursive renewal of research concerning integration history; the neoterised term 'transnarrative competence' allows for correlation between 'transition'-narrative and Turkish perspectives on integration. In a second step, those theoretical features from recent developments in integration and historical theory are isolated that can contribute to a perspective renewal of research. The concept of the episodic historiographic narrative proposes an interdisciplinary theory based on those elements of political, social, legal and cultural sciences. The analytical narrative mindset of each element is determined and thus reconstructed as one episodic plot line, one episode of European integration history. The net of episodes eventually constitutes the proposed theory of an episodic historiographic narrative. Thus, the concept of the episodic historiographic narrative does not only enable histrorians to overcome the deficit in the theory of integration historiography but also enters new academic ground by uniting interdisciplinary elements to an episodic network.
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Acoustic and Elastic Waves: Recent Trends in Science and Engineering
Author: Dimitrios G. Aggelis (Ed.)
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Source: Directory of Open Access Books
Type: Open Access Book
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The present Special Issue intends to explore new directions in the field of acoustics and ultrasonics. The interest includes, but is not limited to, the use of acoustic technology for condition monitoring of materials and structures. Topics of interest (among others): • Acoustic emission in materials and structures (without material limitation) • Innovative cases of ultrasonic inspection • Wave dispersion and waveguides • Monitoring of innovative materials • Seismic waves • Vibrations, damping and noise control • Combination of mechanical wave techniques with other types for structural health monitoring purposes. Experimental and numerical studies are welcome.
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Acoustics of the Vowel - Preliminaries
Author: Maurer, Dieter
Publisher: PETER LANG LTD International Academic Publishers
Source: Directory of Open Access Books
Type: Open Access Book
Description:
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It seems as if the fundamentals of how we produce vowels and how they are acoustically represented have been clarified: we phonate and articulate. Using our vocal chords, we produce a vocal sound or noise which is then shaped into a specific vowel sound by the resonances of the pharyngeal, oral, and nasal cavities, that is, the vocal tract. Accordingly, the acoustic description of vowels relates to vowel-specific patterns of relative energy maxima in the sound spectra, known as patterns of formants. The intellectual and empirical reasoning presented in this treatise, however, gives rise to scepticism with respect to this understanding of the sound of the vowel. The reflections and materials presented provide reason to argue that, up to now, a comprehensible theory of the acoustics of the voice and of voiced speech sounds is lacking, and consequently, no satisfying understanding of vowels as an achievement and particular formal accomplishment of the voice exists. Thus, the question of the acoustics of the vowel—and with it the question of the acoustics of the voice itself—proves to be an unresolved fundamental problem.
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Across Space and Time. Papers from the 41st Conference on Computer Applications and Quantitative Methods in Archaeology, Perth, 25-28 March 2013
Author: Traviglia, Arianna
Publisher: Amsterdam University Press
Source: Directory of Open Access Books
Type: Open Access Book
Description:
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This volume presents a selection of the best papers presented at the forty-first annual Conference on Computer Applications and Quantitative Methods in Archaeology. The theme for the conference was "Across Space and Time", and the papers explore a multitude of topics related to that concept, including databases, the semantic Web, geographical information systems, data collection and management, and more.
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Across the margins: Cultural identity
Author: Smyth, Gerry
Publisher: Manchester University Press
Source: Directory of Open Access Books
Type: Open Access Book
Description:
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Across the margins offers a comparative, theoretically informed analysis of the cultural formation of the Atlantic Archipelago. In its overall conception and in specific contributions (including an introductory essay), this collection demonstrates the benefits of working across the disciplines of history, geography, literature and cultural studies, but also presents new configurations of cultural forms hitherto associated with specifically national and sub-national literatures. The essays, from both established and new scholars working in the fields of British, Irish and comparative cultural studies, addresses broad questions raised by the interface between language, gender, sexuality and ethnicity in relation to marginal identities, but also includes specific genre-based case studies on contemporary poetry, fiction, drama, popular music and art. This format recognises the importance of specific concerns which emerge from different geographical locations, but also encourages movement beyond traditional formations of national cultures. Responding to recent constitutional developments in Great Britain and Ireland, it explores their implications both for the cultural negotiations of marginality and for established critical paradigms. It is therefore of interest to undergraduates, postgraduates and academics working in the areas of comparative literature, postcolonial theory, Irish, Scottish and Welsh studies, and British political/cultural studies.
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Across the Oceans: Development of the overseas business information transmission
Author: Laakso, Seija-Riitta
Publisher: Finnish Literature Society / SKS
Source: Directory of Open Access Books
Type: Open Access Book
Description:
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"In the early 19th century, the only way to transmit information was to send letters across the oceans by sailing ships or across land by horse and coach. Growing world trade created a need and technological development introduced options to improve general information transmission. Starting in the 1830s, a network of steamships, railways, canals and telegraphs was gradually built to connect different parts of the world. The book explains how the rate of information circulation increased many times over as mail systems were developed. Nevertheless, regional differences were huge. While improvements on the most significant trade routes between Europe, the Americas and East India were considered crucial, distant places such as California or Australia had to wait for gold fever to become important enough for regular communications. The growth of passenger services, especially for emigrants, was a major factor increasing the number of mail sailings. The study covers the period from the Napoleonic wars to the foundation of the Universal Postal Union (UPU) and includes the development of overseas business information transmission from the days of sailing ships to steamers and the telegraph."
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Actas de las Jornadas Marcel Proust: Literatura y filosofía
Author: Melamed, Analía (coord.)
Publisher: Universidad Nacional de La Plata. Facultad de Humanidades y Ciencias de la Educación
Source: Directory of Open Access Books
Type: Open Access Book
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Se publican las actas de las “Jornadas Marcel Proust: Literatura y Filosofía” en cuyas ponencias los investigadores exploran las múltiples conexiones entre filosofía y literatura presentes en el obra de Marcel Proust. En efecto, puesto que En busca del tiempo perdido reconstruye diversas tradiciones literarias, filosóficas y artísticas a la vez que suscita lecturas heterogéneas y divergentes, lo trabajos de las jornadas profundizan algunas de esas relaciones o proponen nuevas posibilidades de lectura. En las ponencias se indaga, en última instancia, sobre cuestiones y concepciones filosóficas inmanentes a los desarrollos ficcionales y las relaciones entre demostración ficcional y demostración filosófica, desde los estudios de género al neopragmatismo, de Merleau Ponty a Benjamin o Sartre.
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