Description The topics of
sensation and perception are among the oldest and most important in all of
psychology. People are equipped with senses such as sight, hearing and taste
that help us to take in the world around us. Amazingly, our senses have the
Description This module discusses the causes and consequences of human aggression and violence. Both internal and external causes are considered. Effective and ineffective techniques for reducing aggression are also discussed.
Description More attractive people elicit more positive first impressions. This effect is called the attractiveness halo, and it is shown when judging those with more attractive faces, bodies, or voices. Moreover, it yields significant social outcomes, i…
Description We often change our attitudes and behaviors to match the attitudes and behaviors of the people around us. One reason for this conformity is a concern about what other people think of us. This process was demonstrated in a classic study in whi…
Description People often act to benefit other people, and these acts are examples of prosocial behavior. Such behaviors may come in many guises: helping an individual in need; sharing personal resources; volunteering time, effort, and expertise; cooperat…
Description Friendship and love, and more broadly, the relationships that people cultivate in their lives, are some of the most valuable treasures a person can own. This module explores ways in which we try to understand how friendships form, what attrac…
Description This module introduces several major principles in the process of persuasion. It offers an overview of the different paths to persuasion. It then describes how mindless processing makes us vulnerable to undesirable persuasion and some of the …
Description People are often
biased against others outside of their own social group, showing prejudice
(emotional bias), stereotypes (cognitive bias), and discrimination (behavioral
bias). In the past, people used to be more explicit with their biases, …
Description Social cognition is the area of social psychology that examines how people perceive and think about their social world. This module provides an overview of key topics within social cognition and attitudes, including judgmental heuristics, soc…
Description This module provides an overview of the new field of social neuroscience, which combines the use of neuroscience methods and theories to understand how other people influence our thoughts, feelings, and behavior. The module reviews research m…
Description Most research in the realm of relationships has examined that which can go wrong in relationships (e.g., conflict, infidelity, intimate partner violence). I summarize much of what has been examined about what goes right in a relationship and …
Cooperation Author: Jake P. Moskowitz and Paul K. Piff Subject: Psychology Source: Noba Type: Module
Description Humans are social animals. This means we work together in groups to achieve goals that benefit everyone. From building skyscrapers to delivering packages to remote island nations, modern life requires that people cooperate with one another. H…
The Family Author: Joel A. Muraco Subject: Psychology Source: Noba Type: Module
Description Each and every one of us has a family. However, these families exist in many variations around the world. In this module, we discuss definitions of family, family forms, the developmental trajectory of families, and commonly used theories to …
Description This module provides an introduction to industrial and organizational (I/O) psychology. I/O psychology is an area of psychology that specializes in the scientific study of behavior in organizational settings and the application of psychology …
Description One of the most remarkable human capacities is to perceive and understand mental states. This capacity, often labeled “theory of mind,” consists of an array of psychological processes that play essential roles in human social life. We review …
Description Social psychologists are interested in the ways
that other people affect thought, emotion, and behavior. To explore these
concepts requires special research methods. Following a brief overview of
traditional research designs, this module intr…
Culture Author: Robert Biswas-Diener and Neil Thin Subject: Psychology Source: Noba Type: Module
Description Although the most visible elements of culture are dress, cuisine and architecture, culture is a highly psychological phenomenon. Culture is a pattern of meaning for understanding how the world works. This knowledge is shared among a group of …
Description The relationships we cultivate in our lives are essential to our well-being—namely, happiness and health. Why is that so? We begin to answer this question by exploring the types of relationships—family, friends, colleagues, and lo…
Description The science of social psychology investigates the ways other people affect our thoughts, feelings, and behaviors. It is an exciting field of study because it is so familiar and relevant to our day-to-day lives. Social psychologists study a wi…
Social Comparison Author: Stephen Garcia and Arnor Halldorsson Subject: Psychology Source: Noba Type: Module
Description When athletes
compete in a race, they are able to observe and compare their performance
against those of their competitors. In the same way, all people naturally
engage in mental comparisons with the people around them during the course of
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